WHAT IS CATARACT SURGERY?
Known to be both extremely safe and remarkably effective, traditional cataract surgery is among the most frequently performed treatments worldwide. Our experienced ophthalmologists at AEC – Aligarh are proficient in cataract surgery and are able to determine which method is best for each individual patient, depending on their unique situation and any additional refractive errors they may have.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF CATARACT SURGERY?
Cataract surgery can help correct cloudy, worsening vision with a simple procedure. The benefits of the procedure performed include:
- Improved vision
- Customized treatment plans with an optimized procedure for those who don’t qualify for laser cataract surgery
- Minimal downtime following the surgery
- The procedure doesn’t require stitches
- Very low risk of complications
- Minimal risk of infection
- The possibility of no longer needing glasses after the surgery
AM I A CANDIDATE FOR CATARACT SURGERY?
Most patients living with cataracts are suitable candidates for traditional cataract surgery as long as they are in good general health. Some kinds of astigmatism could lower the likelihood of the best outcomes, which might, in turn, affect an individual’s suitability for the procedure. Be that as it may, many kinds of astigmatism can possibly be corrected at the same time as cataract surgery. In addition, certain eye problems, like macular degeneration or other retinal diseases, might impact an individual’s suitability for cataract surgery. Sometimes, cataract surgery could be deemed an elective surgery based on the degree of vision obstruction and other circumstances. At AEC – Aligarh, we do a complete evaluation of each patient’s ocular health and any previous health issues to establish whether traditional cataract surgery is the best treatment option.
HOW IS CATARACT SURGERY DONE?
At our eye centre, traditional cataract surgery is an outpatient treatment that usually takes under ten minutes for each eye. During cataract surgery, the patient is conscious; however, his or her eyes are fully numbed prior to the procedure to create total comfort. We will use a scalpel to create an extremely small incision at the outside boundary of the corneal tissue and utilize a separate instrument to access the lens via the incision. This instrument disintegrates the cataract lens using ultrasonic waves, and it is then suctioned out of the eye. The opening is so tiny that it doesn’t require a single stitch and will heal by itself.
CATARACT SURGERY FAQs
How long does traditional cataract surgery take?
Cataract surgery is very quick, often taking only 10 minutes or less for each eye. It’s performed as an outpatient procedure, meaning you won’t require a hospital stay and can go home after your surgery is finished.
Is cataract surgery safe?
Cataract surgery is very safe and effective when performed by experienced doctors like the team at AEC – Aligarh. Traditional cataract surgery is one of the most common cataract treatments, with an estimated 3.8 million surgeries performed worldwide every year.
AM I A CANDIDATE FOR CATARACT SURGERY?
For the team at AEC – Aligarh, our top priority is enhancing your vision and overall eye health. We’re ready to make sure you receive any eye care you may need. If you have been diagnosed with cataracts or believe you have the typical symptoms, call us to arrange an exam with one of our ophthalmologists. Find out if cataract surgery is the ideal approach to restore your eye health and clear sight.
An intraocular lens implant is an artificial replacement for the lens of your eye. It’s part of the surgery to fix cataracts.
HOW YOUR EYE WORKS
Each eye has a lens — a window made of clear protein and water that sits behind the pupil. The lens focuses light onto the retina, which sends it to your brain.
As you get older, the proteins change, and parts of your lens turn cloudy. This is known as a cataract. It can make things look blurry or give them a brownish tint.
Cataracts are a leading cause of blindness, especially in older people. But they can be corrected through surgery — a procedure that’s done more than 2 million times a year in the United States.
An intraocular lens implant, or IOL, is made of clear plastic, and it’s about a third the size of a one-rupee coin. There are several different types:
Monofocal IOL: This is the most common. Unlike your natural lens, which can stretch or bend to help your eye focus, this implant stays focused at one fixed distance. If yours focuses at a distance, you might be able to see things far away but need glasses to read or see close.
Multifocal implant: Like glasses with bifocal or progressive lenses, this lens has areas that help you see things at different distances. It could take several months for your brain to adapt so your vision seems natural. It can sometimes cause more halos or glare around lights than a monofocal lens.
Accommodating IOL: This flexible option acts more like your natural lens and focuses at more than one distance. It makes you less likely to need reading glasses.
Toric IOL: You’ll get this if you have astigmatism, or a cornea that’s more football-shaped than round. This can make vision blurry all over, not just close up or far away. This lens lessens astigmatism, so you won’t need glasses to correct it after your surgery.
If you have a cataract, you’ll see an ophthalmologist for the surgery. They’ll probably tell you it’s best to wait to remove the cataract until it starts to affect your daily life. They can do the surgery at a priorly fixed time.
To get you ready, your doctor will:
- Measure your eye. This will help them pick the right implant for you.
- Give you medicated eye drops to take for a few days ahead of time
- Ask you to stop taking some medicines or to skip wearing contact lenses for several days beforehand
On the day of surgery, they’ll:
- Numb your eye
- Give you a drug to help you relax. You may see light during the procedure, but you should feel nothing or only gentle pressure.
- Make a tiny cut through your cornea to get to the lens
- Break the lens up into pieces and remove it bit by bit
- Put the implant in place
- Let the cut heal by itself — no stitches
You can usually go home in less than an hour, but you’ll need someone else to drive.
Is It Risky?
Any surgery has a chance of complications. It’s rare after an intraocular lens implant, but you might notice bleeding or get an infection. Redness or swelling is more common.
More serious risks include:
- A detached retina, which happens when that layer of nerve cells separates from the back of your eye. This is a medical emergency.
- Vision loss
- Dislocation — when the implant moves out of position
You may also develop an issue anywhere from weeks to years after surgery the tissue around your new lens gets cloudy and your eyesight blurs. This is called a get an after-cataract or Posterior Capsular Opacification. Your doctor can fix this with a painless laser procedure.
It’ll take about 8 to 12 weeks to fully heal. During that time:
- Keep your eye protected with sunglasses as much as possible, and sleep with your eye shield at night.
- Don’t rub or press your eye, even if it’s itchy or oozes a bit of fluid.
- Take the medicated eye drops your doctor prescribes. You’ll use them for several weeks to help your eye heal.
- Avoid most exercise or heavy lifting. The doctor will tell you when you can do those things again.